Books Advanced Search New Releases & Pre-orders Best Sellers Browse Genres Children's & Young Adult Textbooks Exam Central All Indian Languages. Yoganithirai Ennum Mesmerism Hypnotism (Tamil) (Tamil) Paperback – 31 Mar This book written by maraimalai adigal guides us to do. Free Download. PDF version of Complete Hypnotism, Mesmerism, Mind-Reading and Spiritualism by A. Alpheus. Apple, Android and site formats also. Mesmerism Hypnotism (Tamil) Paperback Books- download Mesmerism Hypnotism ( Tamil) Books online at lowest price with Rating & Reviews, Free Shipping*, COD .
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These words were popularized in English by the Scottish surgeon James Braid to whom they are sometimes wrongly attributed around Braid based his practice on that developed by Franz Mesmer and his followers which was called "Mesmerism" or " animal magnetism " , but differed in his theory as to how the procedure worked.
Characteristics[ edit ] A person in a state of hypnosis has focused attention, and has increased suggestibility. In a hypnotic state an individual tends to see, feel, smell, and otherwise perceive in accordance with the hypnotist's suggestions, even though these suggestions may be in apparent contradiction to the actual stimuli present in the environment.
The effects of hypnosis are not limited to sensory change; even the subject's memory and awareness of self may be altered by suggestion, and the effects of the suggestions may be extended posthypnotically into the subject's subsequent waking activity.
For example, in , Irving Kirsch characterised hypnosis as a "nondeceptive placebo", i. Scheflin and psychologist Jerrold Lee Shapiro observed that the "deeper" the hypnotism, the more likely a particular characteristic is to appear, and the greater extent to which it is manifested. Scheflin and Shapiro identified 20 separate characteristics that hypnotized subjects might display:  " dissociation "; "detachment"; " suggestibility ", "ideosensory activity";  " catalepsy "; "ideomotor responsiveness";  " age regression" ; " revivification "; " hypermnesia "; "[automatic or suggested] amnesia"; " posthypnotic responses "; "hypnotic analgesia and anesthesia "; "glove anesthesia";  "somnambulism";  "automatic writing"; "time distortion"; "release of inhibitions"; "change in capacity for volitional activity"; "trance logic";  and "effortless imagination".
Historical definitions[ edit ] The earliest definition of hypnosis was given by Braid[ contradictory ], who coined the term "hypnotism" as an abbreviation for "neuro-hypnotism", or nervous sleep, which he contrasted with normal sleep, and defined as: "a peculiar condition of the nervous system, induced by a fixed and abstracted attention of the mental and visual eye, on one object, not of an exciting nature.
The hypnotic sleep, therefore, is the very antithesis or opposite mental and physical condition to that which precedes and accompanies common sleep Therefore, Braid defined hypnotism as a state of mental concentration that often leads to a form of progressive relaxation, termed "nervous sleep". The hypnotic induction is an extended initial suggestion for using one's imagination, and may contain further elaborations of the introduction.
A hypnotic procedure is used to encourage and evaluate responses to suggestions. When using hypnosis, one person the subject is guided by another the hypnotist to respond to suggestions for changes in subjective experience, alterations in perception,   sensation,  emotion, thought or behavior.
Persons can also learn self-hypnosis, which is the act of administering hypnotic procedures on one's own. If the subject responds to hypnotic suggestions, it is generally inferred that hypnosis has been induced.
Many believe that hypnotic responses and experiences are characteristic of a hypnotic state. While some think that it is not necessary to use the word "hypnosis" as part of the hypnotic induction, others view it as essential. Social psychologists Sarbin and Coe Hypnosis is a role that people play; they act "as if" they were hypnotised.
In his early writings, Weitzenhoffer Most recently Spiegel and Spiegel They explain this by pointing out that, in a sense, all learning is post-hypnotic, which explains why the number of ways people can be put into a hypnotic state are so varied: anything that focuses a person's attention, inward or outward, puts them into a trance. Traditionally, this was interpreted as a method of putting the subject into a "hypnotic trance"; however, subsequent "nonstate" theorists have viewed it differently, seeing it as a means of heightening client expectation, defining their role, focusing attention, etc.
There are several different induction techniques. One of the most influential methods was Braid's "eye-fixation" technique, also known as "Braidism".
Many variations of the eye-fixation approach exist, including the induction used in the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale SHSS , the most widely used research tool in the field of hypnotism. The patient must be made to understand that he is to keep the eyes steadily fixed on the object, and the mind riveted on the idea of that one object. It will be observed, that owing to the consensual adjustment of the eyes, the pupils will be at first contracted: They will shortly begin to dilate, and, after they have done so to a considerable extent, and have assumed a wavy motion, if the fore and middle fingers of the right hand, extended and a little separated, are carried from the object toward the eyes, most probably the eyelids will close involuntarily, with a vibratory motion.
If this is not the case, or the patient allows the eyeballs to move, desire him to begin anew, giving him to understand that he is to allow the eyelids to close when the fingers are again carried towards the eyes, but that the eyeballs must be kept fixed, in the same position, and the mind riveted to the one idea of the object held above the eyes.
In general, it will be found, that the eyelids close with a vibratory motion, or become spasmodically closed. However, this method is still considered authoritative. Nothing, absolutely nothing, can compare to the power of real magnetism. It is the source of personal magnetism, of powerful trances, and of complete transformation of the person. Our aim is to assist you in gaining the knowledge you seek of the ancient and powerful traditions of true magnetism, mental fascination, and magnetic hypnotism; in each of them we were initiated by one of the last known teachers of these techniques.
These techniques are useful in therapy, in personal relationships, in professional relationships, and in every other social situation you can think of. These techniques help in the development of charm and personality as well as generalized overall human development. These powerful techniques are based on a specific use of energy; they are the western path of what in the East is kundalini and similar techniques.
Behind these techniques lies a very ancient secret school. We can trace this secret school back to the centuries before the Ancient Romans' time. Even the Greek tradition of the power of the Medusa is connected to this power. This ancient school was always kept secret. The most powerful and expert members never gave out the entire system to anyone.
I, Marco Paret and my friend Max Tira, were initiated in this ancient secret school by one of the last living members. His name was Virgilio, and he lived in a very small village in Northern Italy.
It took us approximately 15 years until we received the complete system. These years were additionally beneficial to us, because during these years we could also explore all existing hypnotic and mind techniques. We can confirm this system is something different from everything else known to modern psychology.
We have adapted it to fit all of the actual world's needs. Our teacher asked us to help him to insure that these ancient teachings were not lost forever.
He agreed to diffuse them because otherwise nobody would benefit from them anymore. It is important to understand that Mesmerism is not only a technique. It is something strictly connected to the person practising it, more along the lines of behaviour rather than a method.
With the guide of my previous knowledge, I could recognize other exercises and ideas completing the basic system and better grasp what, in all certainty, was the complete original model. The books in print each contain only a small piece of this factual ancient and secret and once even sacred wisdom.
Many times information is given in a coded way as many operators didnt want to explain everything. Anyway, I had the key. In reality everything is a Summa de Rerum Natura which can be understood only if you know what lies behind The complete system encompasses a lot of exercises, both physical as mental.
These exercises are also rejuvenating. Life force is the force of life and it is at the same time strictly bound to sexual energy. These exercises give energy to the person who practises them. They help having a powerful impact, personal influence, and the ability to incredibly expand the human potentialities in both the practical and the spiritual field. We propose these techniques now to you in a practical format called Mesmerismus.
Even though our name contains the name Mesmer, the techniques are far more ancient than those of Mesmer himself. Mesmer never disclosed the complete method. We now bring this ancient knowledge out into the present world. The techniques are very natural.
They awaken Man to himself: because there, in himself, Man can find his maximum power.
We have added our notes in the work, in order to help the modern reader of this science better comprehend the meanings within this text. At the end of this book we have added some exercises of the magnetic school. The real difference between Hypnosis, Hypnotism, Mesmerism This small chapter is fundamental in understanding the whole work and is aimed at people who have already read books about the mind and hypnosis.
When we read this text by J. Coates, as well as every other writer of his time, there is always the risk of misunderstanding. As the centuries have changed, so have the meanings of the words used. With this in mind, we risk reading his book and not grasping the meanings of the words as used originally by Coates, because they indicate a different state of what is today called hypnosis.
Today the word hypnosis is used mainly to pinpoint a state that is originated through words i. In order to hypnotize, it is necessary to have will power, as well as confidence.
Mesmerism or Animal Magnetism means the conscious use of life fluid. We are researchers of the mind, and therefore we have searched to outline here the basic differences between Modern hypnosis, Hypnotism and Mesmerism in the most clear and scientific way possible.
What we mean by Modern Hypnosis Modern Hypnosis is a form of efficient communication. This different state of consciousness allows us to operate change. It is not bound to a physiological shift. What is then this Emotional Change through the use of words? Each word suggests an image.
These images are connected in the personal history of the person to specific emotions.
Therefore the right words can bring about an emotional change. What we mean by Mesmerism Mesmerism is the state the operator induces and it is basically physiological. In Mesmerism the Emotional Change is not a necessity. It is a consequence. In Mesmerism we create a physiological change. Even animals are able to enter in states called animal hypnosis. What we mean by Hypnotism Hypnotism, as described by Coates, is something different from modern hypnosis.
It is a state in which we can observe many phenomena that we dont observe in communicational modern hypnosis. Furthermore, something is not said. In Coates time, the preparation of the hypnotist gave a lot of importance to the expectancy and will power of the hypnotist. In other words, even the operator should concentrate and be monoideistic. In this way we have another state, in some way intermediary between Mesmerism and Modern Hypnosis. A clear example is Abbe Faria. Abbe Faria didnt believe in the magnetic fluid.
Nonetheless he did affirm that some people who do not react to the fluid can be brought in hypnosis just by touching them in a specific way. He believes some touches have a physiological effect, therefore he will see the occurrence of hypnotic effects.
We believe that when Coates speaks of hypnotists who think they use psychology, and in reality they use will power, Coates was referring to people such as Abbe Faria. We believe that by many scientific hypnotists denying the power of the life fluid, they have in reality restored it: they say that the hypnotist must be sure of himself and he must not have any doubt.
Difference between Hypnotism and Fascination Finally, sometimes which is referred to by past authors as hypnotism is even yet another state; it is a state which we could call fascination. This state of fascination has, just as Mesmerism, physiological aspects. It is something to understand in its real sense. Today man is very detached from nature and animality.
In the past this was different. Animal Magnetism is something that even animals possesses in various degrees, and is diffused in the nature. We connect to the others not only through words, but also at a more subtle level, referred to as energetic. When we are in harmony with nature and with life we are at this energetic level. We impact on this level through our will power, our emotions, etc Therefore, the operator is very important in this process, as he is a source of change.
Even if its called a fluid, this is not a fluid in the real sense of term. The word fluid helps us understand and helps the mind to work with it: in other words if you open the mind to the possibility of a vital fluid, and of a connection between man and nature, you can experience it and be able to act with it on other people. The idea of energy is also connected to the idea of Will Power.
Even the most skilled hypnotists of today recognize the significance of will power. If I want something, if Im totally congruent, then I can get it. Will power acts not just through non-verbal channels, but also through energetic channels. We will now accompany you in the reading of the work of Dr.
We will be at your side, commenting in a modern way, on some of his affirmations. In this way you will have two people, both practising the same technique, who span across the centuries. As Coates knew the most important mesmerists of his century, I can honestly say I searched out and have personally met the few remaining people who know this ancient and powerful technique.
This work dealing with the science of Mesmerism is written by J. Coates, Ph.
For none of these faults do I offer an apology to my readers. I ask them to take it as it isas something more than a mere introduction to a most interesting and important subject.
My personal relation to the greatest and most successful Mesmerists of the dayboth in private and public lifeCaptain Hudson, Dr.
Learn How To Hypnotize People Using Mind Control Techniques
Spencer T. Hall, Captain John James, Dr.
William Hitchman; the friends and contemporaries of Drs. Elliotson, Braid, and Gregory; Harriet J. Martineau, H. Atkinson, F. S, and othershas not been without a marked shall I say Mesmericinfluence on myself, contributing in no mean degree to my acquaintance with the subject experience, and well known career as a public Mesmerist.
Roth, President of the British HomoeopathicSociety, admits the facts of Mesmerism, and contributes learned articles on the subject to the Society and its journal. He declares: We cannot any longer afford to sneer at the miracles performed at the institution, known by the name of Bethshan, since we have healers in our midst who dispense with both physic and faith.
These healers are medical men. These are important contributions and admissions. They will have some influence with the public, who are always more or less influenced by the opinions of the Faculty. Medical men have a weakness for experiment. I should very much regret to see the sneer and abuses arising from the mal administration of Mesmerism and Hypnotism, which are now and have been besetting Continental hospital practice, extending to this country.
Experiments should not be indulged which are not essentially curative and normally elevating in character. This is not done, I am sorry to say. The gratification of Idle and pedantic curiosity, in the operations of these modern Hypnotists, appears to me to be the predominating motive, the CURATIVE, being left to the accidental provings. I look to the honour and common sense of the Faculty as a whole to put down any such attempts here. I rejoice to note the fact that much of the continental practice is impossible here, owing to the stamina or difference in the constitutions and mental capacity of the people at home compared with those abroad.
Editor's Note: in England the complete work of the original school of Magnetism was never diffused. Therefore, some techniques never arrived there. Maybe this explains Coates' expression. The following extract from the Paris letter of The British Medical Journal, January 1, , will be interesting to read in connection with the foregoing structures: Mr.
Jules Volsin has made two highly interesting experiments, at Salpetriere Hospital, on hysterical patients on whom he studied the action of telepathic remedies medicamentia distance , such as metals and the magnet. He explained the phenomenon of various changes of personality presented by one of his patients, M. Voisin's experiments were made with corked and sealed phials of an opaque colour. He was himself ignorant of the contents of these phials, and was careful not to utter a word in the patient's presence.
When M. Voisin made his experiments on any patient in a waking state, the latter immediately fell into a hypnotic state and exhibited symptoms of disturbance, nausea and vomiting. If the name of a drug, of which the effects are well known, or the effects of any medicament whatsoever were mentioned, during the state of hypnotism, the patient immediately manifested of physiological effects of these remedies. Suggestion and unconscious suggestion were thus manifested in another series of experiments.
Jules Voisin observed during one of the three phases of somnolence lethargy, somnambulism, catalepsy the state of one of his subjects Y.
Gold and mercury caused redness and blisters if V. By suggestion, the effect of metals was destroyed or produced without their presence, and if the contract of metal took place without the knowledge of V.
General sensibility, sensory and motor sensibility and the psychical state were affected by suggestion. Jules Voisin therefore believes it possible that the phenomenon of change of personality, as described by MM.
Bhairavi Mantra For Hypnotism Vashikaran Mantra
Bourru and Butot, represents the last phase of a hysterical attack, a phase characterized by delirium with delusions, and lasting several months. Similar changes of personality, lasting only a short time, were observed in Somnambulism. They were always preceded by a physical change resembling an attack, and they were apparently induced, by any mental suggestion which accidentally recalled the previous existence of V. In the following pages the difference between Animal Magnetism and Hypnotism may be traced throughout every chapter belonging to the old school of Mesmerists.
I have a weakness for Animal Magnetism as the primary operating agent in all mesmeric phenomena. At the same time, I have always known and recognised the influence of other agents or secondary causes, such as weariness of flesh and spirit, suggestion and imagination, made so much of nowadays by hypnotists.
These powers then, which medical men and others are beginning to realise can be exercised effectively, and with good and evil results, should as far as possible be kept out of the hands of inexperienced novices and unscrupulous operators. Whether this can be done, legally or otherwise, it is difficult to say.
The best course for all who read this book, is to be careful, How to mesmerize and by whom they are mesmerized. To alleviate pain and suffering, to cure others of diseases and ailments without drugs or the surgeon's knife, is to engage in work evoking the keenest human sympathy. Here is one of the noblest callings to which human kind can devote its energiesa work of sympathy, love and devotion to our fellow mortals and that science is Mesmerism and Hypnotism; by its influence you can cure diseases and extend powerful influence over the mind of others without their knowledge.
This book is now left to tell its own tale and, with all its faults, it may repay careful perusal. He studied medicine at Vienna, under the eminent masters of that day, Van Swieten and De Haen, took a degree, and commenced practice.
Interested in Astrology, he imagined that the stars exerted an influence on beings living on the earth. He identified the supposed force with electricity, and then with magnetism; and it was but a short step to suppose that stroking diseased bodies with magnets might effect a cure. He published his first work De Planetarum Influxu in Ten years later on meeting with Gassner in Switzerland, he observed that the priest effected cures without the use of magnets, by manipulation alone.
This led Mesmer to discard the magnets and to suppose that some kind of occult force resided in himself by which he could influence others. He held that this force permeated the universe and more especially affected the nervous systems of men. He moved to Paris in , and in a short time the French capital was thrown into a state of great excitement, by the marvellous effects of mesmerism.
Mesmer soon made many converts; controversies arose; he excited the indignation of the medical faculty of Paris, who stigmatised him as a charlatan still, the people crowded to him. He refused an offer of 20, francs from the Government for the disclosure of his secret, but it is asserted that he really told all he knew privately to anyone for louis. He received private rewards of large sums of money. Holding each other's hands, or joined by cords, the patients sat in expectancy, and then Mesmer, clothed in the dress of a magician glided amongst them, affecting this one by a touch, another by a look, and making passes with his hands towards a third.
The effects were various, but all were held to be salutary. Nervous ladies became hysterical or fainted; some men became convulsed, or were seized with palpitations of the heart or other bodily disturbances. The Government appointed a commission of physicians and members of the Academy of Sciences to investigate these phenomena; Franklin and Baillie were members of this commission, and drew up an elaborate report admitting many of the facts but contesting Mesmer's theory that there was an agent called animal magnetism, and attributing the effects to physiological causes.
Mesmer himself was undoubtedly a mystic; and, although the excitement of the time led him to indulge in mummery and sensational effects, he was honest in the belief that the phenomena produced were real, and called for further investigation.
For a time, however, animal magnetism fell into disrepute; it became a system of downright jugglery, and Mesmer himself was denounced as a shallow empiric and imposter. He withdrew from Paris, and died at Mearsburg in Switzerland on the 5th March, He left many disciples, the most distinguished of who was the marquis De Puysegur.
This nobleman revolutionized the art of mesmerism by showing that many of the phenomena might be produced by gentle manipulation causing sleep, and without the mysterious surroundings and violent means resorted to by Mesmer.
John Miotson in England up to about Persons sensitive of odyl saw luminous phenomena near the poles of magnets, or even around the hands or heads of certain persons in whose bodies the force was supposed to be concentrated. In Britain an impetus was given to this view of the subject by the translation in of Reichanbach's Researches on magnetism, etc, in relation to Vital Force, by Dr. Gregory, professor of chemistry in the University of Edinburgh.
These researches show many of the phenomena to be of the same nature as those described previously by Mesmer and even long before Mesmer's, time by Swedenborg.
The idea that some such force exists has been a favourite speculation of scientific men having a mental bias to mysticism, and it makes its appearance not unfrequently. The next great step in the investigation of these phenomena was made by James Braid, a surgeon in Manchester, who in began the study of the pretensions of animal magnetism or mesmerism, in his own words, as a complete sceptic regarding all the phenomena.
This led him to the discovery that he could artificially produce a peculiar condition of the nervous system induced by a fixed and abstracted attention of the mental and visual eye on one subject not of an exciting nature. To this condition he gave the name of neuro-hypnotism; for the sake of brevity, neuro was suppressed, and the term Hypnotism came into general use.
It is necessary to point this out, as certain recent continental writers have obtained many of Braid's results by following his methods and have not adequately recognised the value of the work done by him forty years ago. Braid was undoubtedly the first to investigate the subject in a scientific way, and to attempt to give a Physiological explanation. In this he was much aided by the Physiologist Herbert Mayo and also by Dr. William B. Carpenter the latter being the first to recognise the value of Braid's researches as bearing on the theory of the reflex action of ganglia at the base of the brain and of the cerebrum itself, with which Carpenter's own name is associated.
Editor's note: Braid also opened the way to the critics of Animal Magnetism. Braid himself explained in his work that he couldn't get the same results the old magnetiseurs got. Braid started to work by observing the French Magnetiseur LaFontaine at work. But Lafontaine himself always affirmed Braid didnt catch the heart of his system. For example Lafontaine speaks of many instances where he magnetized people even against their will.
And with the Braid system this is simply not possible. Therefore he paved the way to the actual psychological hypnosis, where everything is explained without using the energetic paradigm. Even after more than a hundred years of research in this field, psychological hypnosis born from Braidism is not able to achieve the same results as Animal Magnetism achieved, as reported in this work and as everyone can see in our seminars.
Recently the subject has been reinvestigated by Professor Weinhold of Chemnitz, and more particularly by Dr. Rudolf Heidenhain, professor of physiology, in the University of Breslau, who has published a small but interesting work on Animal Magnetism. In this work Heidenhain attempts to explain most of the phenomena by the physiological doctrine of inhibitory nervous action, as will be shown hereafter.
Phenomena and physiological explanation. The usual method of inducing the Mesmeric or Hypnotic state is to cause the person operated on to state fixedly at a faceted or glittering piece of glass held at from 8 to' 15 inches from the eyes, in such a position, above the forehead as will strain the eyes and eyelids. The operator may stand behind the patient, and he will observe that the pupils are at first contracted from the effort of accommodation of each eye for near vision on the object; in a short time the pupils begin to relax, and then the operator makes a few passes over the face without touching it.
The eyelids then close; or the operator may gently close them with the tips of the fingers, at the same time very gently stroking the cheeks.They were tiny restless darting birds, with bright, metallic, shiny with how important this inspection tour was not so much at to the war, don't you?
Editor's note: Verbal suggestions are very infrequently used in the original magnetic-hypnotic method: as we see here the operator never speaks and yet still has a very strong influence on the patient, more than with the actual methods. This organ has nervous ganglia in its substance by which its rhythmic contractions are maintained. Some have supposed that they were supernatural, others that they indicated the existence of a specific force exerted by the experimenter upon the passive subject.
Therefore he paved the way to the actual psychological hypnosis, where everything is explained without using the energetic paradigm. One of the most influential methods was Braid's "eye-fixation" technique, also known as "Braidism".